The phrase ‘Person Centered Planning’ was coined in North America in the mid-1980s to distinguish the person centered way of doing planning from so-called ‘service centered’ approaches to planning that are solely framed by whatever services are typically available. People’s lives are seen to be managed by the service system within service- centered planning, whereas within Person Centered Planning the individual is given as much choice and control as possible and this includes who comes to the planning meeting, where and when it is held and, crucially, that the person who the meeting is about, is always present.


Person-centered planning is a process-oriented approach to empowering people with disability labels. It focuses on the people and their needs by putting them in charge of defining the direction for their lives, not on the systems that may or may not be available to serve them. This ultimately leads to greater inclusion as valued members of both community and society.

“a person is a fluid process, not a fixed and static entity; a flowing river of change, not a block of solid material; a continually changing constellation of potentialities, not a fixed quantity of traits.”


― Carl R. Rogers, On Becoming a Person: A Therapist's View of Psychotherapy

What is Person Centered Planning?

Planning from a person-centered perspective seeks to listen, discover and understand the individual. It is a process directed by the person that helps us to learn how they want to live and describes what supports are needed to help them move toward a life they consider meaningful and productive. The planning process empowers the person by building on their individual abilities and skills, building a quality lifestyle that supports the person in finding ways to contribute to their community. Other factors which impact the individual's life, such as health and wellness, are also considered during the planning process. Knowing and exploring opportunities to use a person’s skills and abilities helps to set a direction while providing positive motivation, and increasing the likelihood of achieving the desired outcomes that are most important to the person receiving supports.

Focus on Outcomes! 

A planning process and a plan of support guide the delivery of supports to a person in a way that leads to outcomes or results that are important to them. By focusing on outcomes, we know if the planning and the supports provided are successful. Outcomes are not goals; they determine whether the person’s goals are achieved.

To evaluate the quality of supports a person receives, it is important to look beyond the implementation of the plan and instead look at the results and ask ourselves:

  • Did the supports result in activities that are meaningful to the person?

  • Did the supports help the person develop or maintain relationships that are important to them?

  • Is the person experiencing a sense of safety and stability?

Quality review needs to be ongoing and plans of support need to be adjusted to ensure that the outcomes most important to people are achieved. Developing a plan of support is only the first step – questioning, monitoring, and revising the plan based on the outcomes realized by the person must be an active process. 

Person Centered Planning & IF Services at PRAGNYA

Pragnya through the San Andreas Regional Center provides Person-Centered Plan writing to individuals who are on the Self Determination Program and need a developed PCP in order to begin their program. We support individuals to have positive control in their life, where each person is valued, loved, and connected. Pragnya can also provide training and workshops, for a integrated world for all. We can also provide coaching in the area of Neurodiversity training, Person-Centered strategies and Independent facilitation.

If you are on the lookout for a person centered plan or an Independent facilitator? Please email us at or call 408 832 8881

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1917 Concourse Drv, San Jose CA 95131

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